Lines of Latitude and Longitude

1. How do lines of Latitude help to determine climate? Are high latitudes or low latitudes typically warmer weather? Why is this so?

Latitude is a great way to determine climate, as stated in Introduction to lines of Latitude and Longitude “ One is the distance a place is from the equator. In general, the closer a place is to the equator, the warmer it will be all year round. This is because the sun’s rays strike the earth more directly near the equator, and less directly as the North and South Poles are approached.”

2. What is altitude?

Altitude is the height or elevation of an object or place in relation to the sea level or sea level.

3. How does altitude affect the climate?

Altitude affects climate because the air pressure lessens as the Altitude increases. Every 1000 feet the Altitude increases, the temperature drops 4 degrees Fahrenheit.

4. Draw/create a sphere.

a. On the sphere please show five special lines of latitude.

lines of latitude

b. Why are these lines significant? Explain which lines are hit “head on” and those that tend to “glance off” and why?

The different lines are significant because of their relation with the sun. The sun is can only be directly over the earth between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn. The sun is always directly over the equator so the equator is significant; it also dived the earth in half. The Arctic Circle and Antarctic Circle are significant because the land north or south of them never have the sun directly above them and only receive sunlight that tends to “glance off” This makes the climate cold there and makes both the places have 6 months of daylight while the other has darkness, and vice versa.

5. What causes seasons?

Seasons are caused because the earth’s axis is on a tilt. Because of this, one hemisphere is closer to the sun for six months than the other hemisphere; this causes the sunlight to come directly to that hemisphere and makes the climate warmer. While the hemisphere closer to the sun is in summer, the other hemisphere is further away from the sun and has a colder climate, winter.