Imperialism Questions and Answers

  1. Why did European nations compete for overseas empires during the late nineteenth century?

The European nations competed for overseas empire because of multiple reasons. It was to either increase prestige, and economics reasons like trade centers and natural resources. Because of this, most of the populations in USA, Canada, Australia, and Latin American countries are descendent from European settlers. The Europeans did not see taking over other lands and people as something wrong, and thought of it as their right to do so because of their technological advantage and industrial might.

  1. How did imperialists gain control of Africa?

Imperialists gained control of Africa through many different steps. They already had trading posts on costal areas which they used as harbors when making transatlantic journeys or going to Southeast Asia. They also had ties with African traders who traded good and slaves. In the late 1800s, explorers were sent into the continent to explore geography, resources, and what kind of people lived there. Doing this, they discovered there were over 700 ethnic groups that lived there and were different from each other with their own languages and cultures. With the help of this information, the Europeans ‘Scrambled for Africa’ and ended up dividing it between the different empires.

  1. How did the British come to dominate South Asia?

The British were the only empire that had colonies in South Asia. This played a big role in their domination because there were not many rivals to fight against for the land. Most of the domination was done through economic influence. The East India Company was established in India for trading, and it had the Mughal Empire under its Sphere of Influence. When the natives stopped complying, force was used and present day India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Myanmar were taken control of.

  1. How did European imperialism affect China?

European imperialism affected China because of the Opium War. The British tried to smuggle opium illegally from China. This lead to a great war known as the Opium War and China lost in the battles. Because of this, China was threatened and was forced to accept British Rule.

  1. How did Japan react to European imperialism

Japan, unlike China, resisted European imperialism. They saw that European Imperialism was falling heavy on other nations like China, and assumed that the Europeans might do the same to Japan, so they immediately modernized the country and had the most advanced weapons in Asia. They became an Empire themselves, and took over many territories in Asia, and defeated Russia, a major power during that time.

  1. How did imperialism develop in the Western Hemisphere?

Imperialism in the western hemisphere was more indirect than in Asia. Many of the new nations were not very strong and had not yet gained enough resources. Britain and USA saw this and saw business interests to develop in those countries. USA joined a war for the freedom of Puerto Rico and Cuba from Spain, and the imperialism was shown as business.

Words: Definitions:
Imperialism The policy and conquering of other lands is called Imperialism.
Sepoy Indian soldiers employed by the East India Company.
Sphere of influence Sphere of influence is when a nation is indirectly under control of an empire. This means the leaders of the nation are just figureheads, and look as if they are making the decisions, but it is, in fact an empire’s influence.
Intervention When another person or group, to the benefit of themselves or others, interrupts something. For example, two students are arguing and the teacher intervenes.